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readme.md

Wiki

There are many major changes bettween 1.5 and 1.6, see changelog

Instalation

  • Git git clone http://git.vovikilelik.com/Clu/lens-js.git

  • Npm npm i @vovikilelik/lens-js

Using with HTML

<script type="module" src="lens-js.js"></script>

// or

<script type="module">
    import { Lens } from './lens-js.js';

    /* your code here */
</script>

Using with NPM

import { Lens } from '@vovikilelik/lens-js';

Introduction

LensJs implement the concept of a functional programming, where the data structure has the form of a directed graph (from the root to the leaves).

  • Creation root store
export const lens = LensUtils.createLens({ /* default data */ });
  • Getting deep structure
const deep = lens.go('deep');
const deeper = deep.go('deeper');
  • Singleton pattern able to use for each other node
import {lens} from 'store';
export default lens.go('deep');
  • Catching changes
const callback = ({ current, diffs }) => console.log(current.value);
lens.attach(callback);
lens.set('Hello!') // console: Hello!
  • Extending
class MyLens extends Lens {
  doRequest(addr) {
    myFetch(addr).then(response => this.set(response));
  }
}

const foo = lens.go('foo', MyLens);
foo.doRequest('https://');
  • Live-transforming
import {transform} from 'lens-utils';

const toHex = transform(
  v => `#${v.toString(16)}`,
  v => parseInt(v.substring(1), 16);
);

const hex = lens.go('color').chain(toHex);
hex.set('#aabbcc');

For more information look wiki

Example

LensJs implement the concept of a functional programming, where the data structure has the form of a directed graph (from the root to the leaves).

Each node of the graph of LensJs does not contain data, but only provides an interface and performs addressing in the graph. This also means that the structure of the graph depends on the structure of the data itself.

Example: store.js

/* Store */
const defaultData = {
    form: { message: 'Hello World!' }
};

/* Constructor of ROOT lens */
export const lens = LensUtils.createLens(defaultData);

Now you can operate with lensJs.

  • For accsessing to root lens import lensJs as an singleton from your store.js
  • For getting nested fields from object you have to call method go(fieldName) from parent node, and if you need to more deep, you could call one again and again.
import { lens } from './store.js';

/* Gettin field by path "lens.form.message" */
const message = lens.go('form').go('message');

/* Getting value from field (by path "lens.form.message") */
console.log( message.get() );
// --> Hello World!

/* Setting new value */
message.set('Hi World!');

console.log( message.get() );
// --> Hi World!

You can create Lens-components, where as the value whould be givivng lens node.

const messageLens = lens.go('form').go('message');
const LensFoo = new LensFoo(messageLens);

Those components stay universal, look:

const messageLens = lens.go('anotheForm').go('anotherMessage');
const LensFoo = new LensFoo(messageLens);

lensJs involves event model, whith provide eaction on data changing.

const onChange = e => console.log('Changed!');
lens.attach(onChange);

It able to use into lens-components.

class LensFoo {
  constructor(lens) {
    this._callback = this.onChange.bind(this);
    lens.attach(this._callback);
  }

  onChange() {
    this.render();
  }

  render() { /* doSmth */ }
}

Every node of lensJs is singleton

const one = lens.go('apple');
const two = lens.go('apple');

one === two // true

It means that you can export any node like this:

import { lens } from './store.js';

export const basket = lens.go('basket');

Comparation with Redux and MobX/MST

Not contrast but nearly

No reducers

LensJs does not deed in redusers or same because it merge data automatically

Redux:

enum ActionType {
  hello;
}

const getHelloAction = (value) => ({
  type: ActionType.hello,
  value
});

const reducer = (state, {type, value}) {
  switch(type) {
    case ActionType.hello:
      return { world: value };

      default: return state;
  }
}

...
dispatch(getHelloAction('Hello!'));

LensJs:

lens.go('world').set('Hello!');

More scalability

Every lens node is root of own subtree. It give passibility to make components whitch is not assign with main form.

Redux:

const Cat = ({ cat }) => <div>{cat.ribbon.color}</div>;
const mapStateToProps = (state, ownProps) =>
  ({cat: state.cats[ownProps.name]});
export default connect(Cat, mapStateToProps);

LensJs:

export const Cat = ({ lens }) => {
  const [ cat ] = useLens(lens);
  return <div>{cat.ribbon.color}</div>;
}

No overcode

It means that lensJs is easier than others (in default)

MobX/MST:

/* Ribbon store */
export const Ribbon = type
  .model("Ribbon", {
    color: type.string
  })
  .actions(self => ({
    setColor(value) {
      self.color = value;
    },
  }));
  
/* Cat store */
export const Cat = type
  .model("Cat", {
    ribbon: type.reference(Ribbon)
  });

LensJs:

const cat = cats.go('murzik');
const ribbon = cat.go('ribbon');

You can make controller like ModX

class MyController extends Lens {
    get id() {
        return this.go('id').get();
    }

    set id(value) {
        this.go('id').set(value, () => doRequest());
    }
}

const controller = lens.go('page', MyController);
controller.id = 12345;

Lens-Js Wiki